SUPREME HOLY OFFICE
Supreme Holy Office was founded in 1542 by Pope Paul III as a successor
to the former Inquisition. The modern Holy Office is one of two
successors to the original tribunal. It serves as the supreme
ecclesiastical tribunal of the Imperial Roman Church. It is primarily an
appellate court. However, in some cases pertaining to certain matters
of faith and doctrine, it can serve as a court of first instance. The
Prefect of Faith and Doctrine serves ex-officio as the Chief Judge.
Formerly it was known as the Supreme Tribunal of the Prefecture of Faith and Doctrine. It reverted to the older name in 2022.
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