The Supreme Holy Office was founded in 1542 by Pope Paul III as a successor to the former Inquisition. The modern Holy Office is one of two successors to the original tribunal. It serves as the supreme ecclesiastical tribunal of the Imperial Roman Church. It is primarily an appellate court. However, in some cases pertaining to certain matters of faith and doctrine, it can serve as a court of first instance. The Prefect of Faith and Doctrine serves ex-officio as the Chief Judge. Formerly it was known as the Supreme Tribunal of the Prefecture of Faith and Doctrine. It reverted to the older name in 2022.




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