on Papal Masses, Liturgy, and Ceremonies
mass or liturgy is served by the bussolanti.
pontifical objects used by the archfather are carried by Chamberlains
or Chamberlains of Honour. It is these officials who primarily assist
the Archfather during the liturgy and ceremonies. They do not use the vimpa.
altar servers are most commonly the officials of the Seconda
Anticamera known as the Patriarchal Bussolanti.
4. The pastoral staff (Cross of St. Stephen) may also be carried in procession by a Chamberlain or
Chamberlain of Honour.
bugia is not used.
train is carried most typically by the train bearer(s) of the Seconda
Anticamera. If front train bearers are to be used for the front of
the patriarchal falda, then they may be chosen from the Auditors of
the Florentine Rota, the Chamberlains, or the Chamberlains of Honour,
or another official of the Chamber of the Anticamera Nobile as convenient.
Kiss of Peace is not given during a solemn papal mass.
The blessing, whether Apostolic or of the usual form at the end of the
mass, is given wearing the patriarchal tiara or, as
appropriate, the mitre. The ferula (either the Staff of St. Stephen)
is carried in the left hand, which may be optionally omitted at low
masses. A hand cross is used in
the right hand. When this format is used, the sign of the cross is made
thrice in the usual manner with the hand cross in the right hand.
solemnly, instead the trikirion, representing the Holy Trinity, is
carried in the right hand, and the hand cross is carried in the left.
When the trikirion is used, the blessing is given as follows: the
trikirion and hand cross are held up in front of the chest at a
reasonable height. At "Pater/Patris," they are lowered. At
"Filius/Filii," the trikirion and hand cross are brought to the centre
to change sides, with the trikirion above the cross (that is, the cross
is furthest from the body). Then at "Spiritus," they are extended
slightly outward to rotate around each other and then re-crossed in the
opposite direction, i.e., with the cross closest to the body. Then at
"Sanctus/Sancti," they are extended back to their original position.
At the Apostolic Blessing, the tiara is retained
throughout the blessing. The Archfather sits for the first portion of
the Apostolic Blessing, i.e., "Sit nomen...", and then rises for the
blessing proper, i.e., "Et Benedictio Dei...".
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