Temporal Succession of the Anglican Patriarchate of Rome


The Anglican Patriarchate of Rome, Pontifical States is the temporal successor, as ecclesiastical claimant, to the Roman Empire, as well as, in the Holy Roman Empire, to Florence, Etruria, Würzburg, Trier, Köln, and Mainz. The Patronage of Saint Stephen derives from the commonality of Stephen the Deacon and Protomartyr to the early churches associated with the temporal patrimony of the Patriarchate, viz., the Basilica of Arles (line of the Margraves of Tuscany and Kings of Italy and of the Electorate of Trier as Imperial Arch-Chancellor of Gaul), the Abbey of St. Stephen in Würzburg, and the Church of St. Stephen (established by the Archbishop of Mainz as Arch-Chancellor of Germany).

In the first creation of the title of Imperial Vice-King of Italy, during the first period of Carolingian rule of Italy, Bosone I d'Arles, King of Lower Burgundy and Provence was given the title by Charles the Bald, Holy Roman Emperor, King of West Francia, and King of Italy. (From the earliest times, though the Italian Crown was part of the Imperial Patrimony, it was common for the Emperor to use principally the Germanic/Frankish title, with Italian rule at times left to a crowned Vice-King.) Willa of Provence, daughter of Bosone, married Hugh d'Arles, King of Italy. His son, Ludovico, became King of Provence, King of Italy, and Holy Roman Emperor.

Another example comes during the time of Arnulf, Ludovico's predecessor as King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor. Arnulf crowned his illegitimate, yet recognised son, Ratold, as Vice-King of Italy. After the reunion of the Italian crown with the Holy Roman Emperor, the style of Vice-King fell out of use until its second creation for Matilda, Margravine of Tuscany. Matilda gifted her titles to the Church upon her death without children, solidifying the papal overlordship of Italy. Today, in keeping with that tradition, the title is rendered as Imperial Lord of Italy. 

The Florentine Archfather, as successor of Pope Saint Leo X and temporal successor of St. Peter the Apostle, holds the titles of Prince of the Romans and Coadjutor of Rome, Anglican Patriarch of Rome, Anglo-Roman Metropolian of Aquileia, and Imperial Lord of Italy, Naples, Walsingham, and the Floridas, among others.

See also the list of Florentine Archfathers.



King Bosone of Lower Burgundy and Provence, Imperial Vice-King of Italy,
humbles himself before Saint Stephen the Deacon and Protomartyr,
celestial Patron of the Patriarchate of St. Stephen.
From a fresco in the Abbey of Charlieu in Burgundy.


Hugh d'Arles, King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

Bosone d'Arles, Margrave of Tuscany * Brother of Hugh, King of Italy.

Umberto d'Arles, Margrave of Tuscany * Son of Hugh, King of Italy

Hugh d'Arles, Margrave of Tuscany

Boniface III di Canossa, Margrave of Tuscany * Grandson of Hugh, King of Italy

Federico di Canossa, Margrave of Tuscany

1. Matilda di Canossa, Margravine of Tuscany, Vice-Queen of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Daughter of Boniface III of Tuscany and Beatrice of Lorraine and Bar. Titles and lands were gifted to the church upon her death without issue, thus initiating the ecclesiastical temporal claims associated with Tuscany. Though the Popes had claim of sovereignty over Italy as Imperial Vice-King, they exercised this as Pope and Ecclesiastical Overlord of Italy.

2. Paschal II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

3. Gelasius II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

4. Callixstus II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

5. Honorius II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

6. Innocent II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

7. Celestine II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

8. Lucius II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

9. Eugene III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

10. Anastasius IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

11. Adrian IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

12. Alexander III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

13. Lucius III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

14. Urban III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

15. Gregory VIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

16. Clement III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

17. Celestine III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

18. Innocent III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

19. Honorius III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

20. Gregory IX, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

21. Celestine IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

22. Innocent IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

23. Alexander IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

24. Urban IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

25. Clement IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

26. Gregory X, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

27. Innocent V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

28. Adrian V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

29. John XXI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

30. Nicholas III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

31. Martin IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

32. Honorius IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

33. Nicholas IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

34. Celestine V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

35. Boniface VIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

36. Benedict XI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

37. Clement V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

38. John XXII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

39. Benedict XII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

40. Clement VI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

41. Innocent VI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

42. Urban V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

43. Gregory XI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

44. Urban VI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

45. Boniface IX, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

46. Innocent VII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

47. Gregory XII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

48. Martin V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

49. Eugene IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

50. Nicholas V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

51. Callixtus III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

52. Pius II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

53. Paul II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

54. Sixtus IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

55. Innocent VIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

56. Alexander VI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

57. Pius III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

58. Julius II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

59. Saint Leo X de' Medici, Pope, Cardinal Prince of Florence, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

60. Adrian VI of Utrecht, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

61. Clement VII de' Medici, Pope, Archbishop of Florence, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

62. Paul III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

63. Julius III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

64. Marcellus II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

65. Paul IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

66. Pius IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

67. Pius V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

68. Gregory XIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

69. Sixtus V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

69A. Ferdinand I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Car-dinal Prince of Florence * Cousin of the present Archfather. After his resignation of the cardinalate, the ecclesiastical claim reverted to the Church.

70. Urban VII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

71. Gregory XIV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

72. Innocent IX, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

73. Clement VIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

74. Leo XI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

75. Paul V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

76. Gregory XV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

77. Urban VIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Main line of Apostolic Succession of the Patriarchs of St. Stephen

78. Innocent X, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

79. Alexander VII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Pa-pal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

80. Clement IX, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

81. Clement X, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

82. Innocent XI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

83. Alexander VIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Pa-pal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

84. Innocent XII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

85. Clement XI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

86. Innocent XIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

87. Benedict XIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * Cousin of the present Archfather

88. Clement XII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

89. Benedict XIV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

90. Clement XIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

91. Clement XIV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

92. Pius VI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

93. Pius VII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

94. Leo XII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

95. Pius VIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

96. Gregory XVI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

97. St. Pius IX, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

98. Leo XIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy * The secondary line of Apostolic Succession of the Patriarchs of St. Stephen

99. Pius X, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

100. Benedict XV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

101. Pius XI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

102. St. Pius XII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

103. John XXIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

104. Paul VI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

105. John Paul I, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

106. John Paul II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

107. Benedict XVI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Imperial Lord of Italy

108. Rutherford I, Florentine Archfather, Coadjutor of Rome, Prince of Rome and Florence, Imperial Lord of Italy, Anglical Patriarch of Rome * elected Patriarch 2011

 

 

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