Temporal Succession of the Patriarchate of St. Stephen


The Patriarchate of St. Stephen is the temporal successor, as ecclesiastical claimant in the Holy Roman Empire, to Florence, Etruria, Würzburg, Trier, and Mainz. The Patronage of Saint Stephen derives from the commonality of Stephen the Deacon and Protomartyr to the early churches associated with the temporal patrimony of the Patriarchate, viz., the Basilica of Arles (line of the Margraves of Tuscany and Kings of Italy and of the Electorate of Trier as Imperial Arch-Chancellor of Gaul), the Abbey of St. Stephen in Würzburg, and the Church of St. Stephen (established by the Archbishop of Mainz as Arch-Chancellor of Germany).

In the first creation of the title of Imperial Vice-King of Italy, during the first period of Carolingian rule of Italy, Bosone I d'Arles, King of Lower Burgundy and Provence was given the title by Charles the Bald, Holy Roman Emperor, King of West Francia, and King of Italy. (From the earliest times, though the Italian Crown was part of the Imperial Patrimony, it was common for the Emperor to use principally the Germanic/Frankish title, with Italian rule at times left to a crowned Vice-King.) Willa of Provence, daughter of Bosone, married Hugh d'Arles, King of Italy. His son, Ludovico, became King of Provence, King of Italy, and Holy Roman Emperor.

Another example comes during the time of Arnulf, Ludovico's predecessor as King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor. Arnulf crowned his illegitimate, yet recognised son, Ratold, as Vice-King of Italy. After the reunion of the Italian crown with the Holy Roman Emperor, the style of Vice-King fell out of use until its second creation for Matilda, Margravine of Tuscany.



King Bosone of Lower Burgundy and Provence, Imperial Vice-King of Italy,
humbles himself before Saint Stephen the Deacon and Protomartyr,
celestial Patron of the Patriarchate of St. Stephen.
From a fresco in the Abbey of Charlieu in Burgundy.


Hugh d'Arles, King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

Bosone d'Arles, Margrave of Tuscany * Brother of Hugh, King of Italy.

Umberto d'Arles, Margrave of Tuscany * Son of Hugh, King of Italy

Hugh d'Arles, Margrave of Tuscany

Boniface III di Canossa, Margrave of Tuscany * Grandson of Hugh, King of Italy

Federico di Canossa, Margrave of Tuscany

1. Matilda di Canossa, Margravine of Tuscany, Vice-Queen of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Daughter of Boniface III of Tuscany and Beatrice of Lorraine and Bar. Titles and lands were gifted to the church upon her death without issue, thus initiating the ecclesiastical temporal claims associated with Tuscany. Though the Popes had claim of sovereignty over Italy as Imperial Vice-King, they exercised this as Pope, Vice-King/Vicar of Christ, and Primate of Italy.

2. Paschal II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

3. Gelasius II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

4. Callixstus II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

5. Honorius II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

6. Innocent II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

7. Celestine II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

8. Lucius II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

9. Eugene III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

10. Anastasius IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

11. Adrian IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

12. Alexander III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

13. Lucius III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

14. Urban III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

15. Gregory VIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

16. Clement III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

17. Celestine III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

18. Innocent III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

19. Honorius III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

20. Gregory IX, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

21. Celestine IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

22. Innocent IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

23. Alexander IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

24. Urban IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

25. Clement IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

26. Gregory X, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

27. Innocent V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

28. Adrian V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

29. John XXI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

30. Nicholas III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

31. Martin IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

32. Honorius IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

33. Nicholas IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

34. Celestine V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

35. Boniface VIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

36. Benedict XI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

37. Clement V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

38. John XXII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

39. Benedict XII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

40. Clement VI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

41. Innocent VI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

42. Urban V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

43. Gregory XI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

44. Urban VI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

45. Boniface IX, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

46. Innocent VII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

47. Gregory XII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

48. Martin V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

49. Eugene IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

50. Nicholas V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

51. Callixtus III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

52. Pius II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

53. Paul II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

54. Sixtus IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

55. Innocent VIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

56. Alexander VI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

57. Pius III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

58. Julius II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

59. Leo X de' Medici, Pope, Cardinal Prince of Florence, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

60. Adrian VI of Utrecht, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

61. Clement VII de' Medici, Pope, Archbishop of Florence, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

62. Paul III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

63. Julius III, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

64. Marcellus II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

65. Paul IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

66. Pius IV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

67. Pius V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

68. Gregory XIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

69. Sixtus V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

69A. Ferdinand I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Car-dinal Prince of Florence * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen. After his resignation of the cardinalate, the ecclesiastical claim reverted to the Church.

70. Urban VII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

71. Gregory XIV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

72. Innocent IX, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

73. Clement VIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

74. Leo XI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

75. Paul V, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

76. Gregory XV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

77. Urban VIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Main line of Apostolic Succession of the Patriarchs of St. Stephen

78. Innocent X, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

79. Alexander VII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Pa-pal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

80. Clement IX, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

81. Clement X, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

82. Innocent XI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

83. Alexander VIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Pa-pal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

84. Innocent XII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

85. Clement XI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

86. Innocent XIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

87. Benedict XIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Cousin of the present Patriarch of St. Stephen

88. Clement XII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

89. Benedict XIV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

90. Clement XIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

91. Clement XIV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

92. Pius VI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

93. Pius VII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

94. Leo XII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

95. Pius VIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

96. Gregory XVI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

97. Pius IX, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

98. Leo XIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * The secondary line of Apostolic Succession of the Patriarchs of St. Stephen

99. Pius X, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

100. Benedict XV, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

101. Pius XI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

102. Pius XII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

103. John XXIII, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

104. Paul VI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

105. John Paul I, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

106. John Paul II, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

107. Benedict XVI, Pope, Bishop of Rome, Sovereign of the Papal States, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

108. Rutherford I, Cardinal Count of Sainte Animie, Prince of Florence, Vice-King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire, Patriarch of Saint Stephen * elected Patriarch 2011

 

 

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