page provides information on the
key elements of the Patriarchal Regalia
used by the Florentine Archfather.
regalia of the Florentine Archfather is rooted in the history of the Old
Roman Catholic Anglican
Patriarchate and the historic insignia of patriarchs.
The regalia speaks not only to the modern role of service in the world, but is also a visible symbol of continuity to the ancient church.
The archpatral tiara, or triregnum, is the principal non-liturgical headgear of the archfather. In its practical form, it consists of three crowns formed around a central white and gold damask mitre. The bottom crown is in silver and gold with jewels. The top two are in gold bullion with jeweled leaves.
The orb consists of a jeweled sphere topped by a jeweled cross. It represents the temporal authority of the Florentine Archfather and the historic temporal patrimony of the Anglican Patriarchate.
Patriarchal Staff of St. Stephen
The staff is the equivalent of a crosier used by the Archfather, but is usually carried by a crucifer and not the Archfather himself. It is a wooden staff, the upper portion of which is gilded, upon which sits a gold crucifix. The crucifix contains a second-class relic of St. Stephen the Deacon and Protomartyr.
The pallium is a symbol of metropolitan authority and service, representing Christ carrying a lamb over his shoulder. The form used by the Anglican Patriarchate has 12 black crosses upon it. The pallium has three silver pins upon it representing the three nails of the Crucifixion. It also contains third class relics of St. Peter and St. Stephen and also is a third class relic itself of St. Peter since it is placed upon a first-class relic of St. Peter the Apostle and First Pope.
The patriarchal ring is typically a sapphire, but the archfather may make use of any suitable ring within tradition that he wishes. It is the equivalent of the episcopal ring of a bishop and signifies his duties to and authority over his See.
The pectoral cross is the same as used by all bishops. With liturgical dress and choir dress, it is jeweled and worn from a gold cord.
Used by all bishops by tradition in the Anglican Patriarchate, the archpatral form is red with the patriarchal coat of arms or a cross embroidered upon them. They are used at masses (except those of the dead) and with choir dress or optionally with court or house dress.
Particular to the tradition of the Anglican Patriarchate, the grand cope (mantum) of the archfather is always in red and longer than a regular cope. It is worn with the Patriarchal tiara or the mitre outside liturgy and the mitre within liturgy. It is also used any time that a cope is otherwise prescribed. The grand choir dress is not used for solemn arrival during penitential rites, when instead the cappa magna is used. However, it is used during most penitential liturgy when the cope is specified for.
Used on certain solemn occasions when the mantum is not used, the cappa magna of the patriarch is red with a 21-foot train. The winter hood is in white fur in the specific design in the style of a cappuccio used by the Anglican Patriarchate, and the form used by the archfather is longer, approximately somewhat longer than elbow length. The summer hood is in matching red cloth and is of the usual shorter length. It is only worn on the Vigil of Christmas, during the Sacred Triduum (except before and during the mass of Holy Thursday), during Rites of the Dead, on Ash Wednesday, during Penitential Rites, and at solemn matins throughout the year. Thus it is only worn with the hood up over the head according to tradition and norms.
The winter form of the mozzetta used by the archfather is in scarlet wool or silk with white fur trim, and with a hood. It is worn during the winter half year, i.e., from I Vespers of the Feast of St. Catherine through Holy Saturday.
Winter Fur Mozzetta
The fur mozzetta may be used during the same time period as the winter mozzetta. It is identical to the winter hood of the cappa magna in the style used by the Imperial Patriarchate. It is of white fur, reaching past the elbows, lined in red satin, without a standing collar, and with a red hood.
The form of the mozzetta used by the archfather from Holy Thursday through the I Vespers of the Ascension is in white damask with white fur trim, and with a hood.
Summer & Penitential Mozzetta
The summer form of the mozzetta is in red cloth, silk, or watered silk, with a hood. It is worn during the summer halfyear, i.e., from I Vespers of the Feast of the Ascension through I Vesper of the Feast of St. Catherine. This form is also used on Vigils, Ember Days, penitential rites, and liturgy of the dead.
The winter toga may optionally be worn by the archfather over the rochet and underneath the mozzetta during the winter halfyear. It is scarlet, reaching approximately to mid-calf, with white fur at the edges of the sleeves.
Optionally worn during the winter half-year, the winter cap is white wool similar to a biretta. It may be used as an outdoor cap or in a similar manner to a biretta with house or choir dress outside of any liturgy.
The archpatral camauro is a close-fitting white cap. Optionally during the winter half-year, it may be trimmed in fur or be made entirely of white fur. In either form it may be used as an outdoor cap or alternatively with either house dress or choir dress outside of the Holy Mass.
The stole of office used by the archfather is either red and gold or solid gold and is worn with the grand the choral habit and optionally over the mozzetta. The stole is a symbol of office and authority.
In celebration of the Resurrection, the stole of office used during Paschaltide is always in solid gold. It is worn from the beginning of Paschaltide at the Vigil of Easter until the Vigil of Pentecost.
Plain white, with gold trim. It differs from the papal version in that it is of one layer only, that which is worn over the chasuble. It may be worn on solemn occasions when full pontifical mass vestments are used.
This vestment may be used with mass vestments or choir dress. It is in white, of floor length in the front, and extending one metre addition in the back.
Patriarchal Subcintorium (Balteus)
Worn only with full pontifical mass vestments, it is similar to a maniple and is worn on the left side, attached around the waist with a long ribbon. It is in two colours only, following the same customs of seasonal use as the Patriarchal stole. Its normal colour is red, but white or gold is used during the Paschal season.
The zucchetto is white silk. It may be trimmed with white fur during the winter half-year (when the winter mozzetta is worn).
Representing the personal temporal titular patrimony of the archfather, the state crown is of five visible bars, jeweled, and with a blue cap.
The cassock is derived from the habit of the Royal Order of St. Stephen and from ancient tradition. It is white with red buttons, optional red trim, and red or white cuffs. For liturgical or choir dress, it is also worn with a red watered silk fascia with gold bullion tassels. For house dress, a white fascia with red fringe may instead be used.
There are two forms of the ombrellino. The first is of alternating yellow and red panels with the Patriarchal insignia. It may be carried at the front of certain solemn processions.
The second type is carried by a bussoliere of the Patriarchal Household in procession and is used open only to hold over the archfather when outside and kneeling before the Blessed Sacrament. It is of solid scarlet.
The cushions are used for the archfather to kneel or as a foot-rest. One may be carried in certain processions. Both forms are red. Throughout the year it is velvet. During Lent, it is cloth.
The mace is a symbol of authority carried in certain processions before the archfather. It is blue with insignia on it, topped with a gold eagle, and embellished with a gold cord and tassels. It is carried by a mazziere (mace bearer) of the Seconda Anticamera of the Patriarchal Household.
Frequently Asked Questions
About the Patriarchate
Holy Roman Church of the English Rite is an autonomous and
semi-autocephalous Old Roman Catholic
Patriarchate with Anglican patrimony descended from the Roman Catholic See of Utrecht.
The See of Utrecht was granted autonomy from Rome by the Holy See in 1145 and has remained independent.
Modernly known as the Anglican Rite Roman Catholic Church (ARRCC), the Patriarchate is faithful
to the magisterium of eternal Rome and the eternal One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman Church.
While it embraces the current Roman Communion (commonly referred to as the Roman Catholic Church,
the Anglican Ordinariate, the Anglican Communion, and other Catholic and Anglican bodies as brethren,
they are not administratively bound with the ARRCC.
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