Notes on Papal Masses, Liturgy, and Ceremonies


1. The mass or liturgy is served by the bussolanti.

2. The pontifical objects used by the archfather are carried by Chamberlains or Chamberlains of Honour. It is these officials who primarily assist the Archfather during the liturgy and ceremonies. They do not use the vimpa.

3. The altar servers are most commonly the officials of the Seconda Anticamera known as the Patriarchal Bussolanti.

4. Usually the pastoral staff (Cross of St. Stephen) is not carried or utilised. Rather, it may be carried in procession by a Chamberlain or Chamberlain of Honour.

5. The bugia is not used.

6. The train is carried most typically by the train bearer(s) of the Seconda Anticamera. If front train bearers are to be used for the front of the patriarchal falda, then they may be chosen from the Auditors of the Florentine Rota, the Chamberlains, or the Chamberlains of Honour, or another official of the Chamber of the Anticamera Nobile as convenient.

7. The Kiss of Peace is not given during a solemn papal mass.

8. The blessing, whether Apostolic or of the usual form at the end of the mass, is given wearing the patriarchal tiara or, less formally as appropriate, the mitre. The pastoral staff of St. Stephen is not used and also is not carried in front. At the Apostolic Blessing, the tiara is retained throughout the blessing. The Archfather sits for the first portion of the Apostolic Blessing, i.e., "Sit nomen...", and then rises for the blessing proper, i.e., "Et Benedictio Dei...".

6. The asterisk may also be used in solemn papal masses when communion will not be received at the throne, but instead at the altar. When this option is used, the asterisk is brought to the altar at the offering. Immediately before the Agnus Dei, it is placed on the paten to cover the host, still remaining upon the corporal. It is then removed immediately preceding the Domine non sum dignus and placed upon the altar. After the ablutions, it is removed to the credence table.



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