1. No one, acquiring
indulgences, can apply them to other living persons.
2. Partial as well as
plenary indulgences can always be applied to the departed by way of suffrage.
3. The grant of a partial
indulgence is designated only with the words "partial
indulgence," without any determination of days or years.
4. The faithful, who at
least with contrite heart perform an action to which a partial
indulgence is attached, obtain, in addition to the remission of
temporal punishment acquired by the action itself, an equal remission
of punishment through the intervention of the Church.
5. Diocesan Bishops, and
others equated to them in law, have the right from entrance upon
their pastoral office to grant a partial indulgence to persons or in
places under their jurisdiction. Provincial Archbishop can grant a
partial indulgence in their suffragan Sees, as well as in their
6. All books or lists of
indulgences may not be published without the permission of the
Ordinary or Superior of the place.
7. If a feast or its
external solemnity is legitimately transferred, it is understood that
an indulgence, attached to the feast, is transferred to the same day.
8. A visit to a church or
oratory, if required to gain an indulgence attached to a certain day,
can be made from noon of the preceding day to midnight at the close
of the day itself.
9. Indulgences attached
to a visit to a church do not cease if the church is totally
destroyed, provided the church is rebuilt within fifty years in the
same or almost the same place and under the same title.
10. An indulgence
attached to the use of an article of devotion only ceases, when the
article is completely destroyed or is sold.
11. To be capable of
gaining an indulgence for oneself, it is required that one be
baptized, not excommunicated, in the state of grace at least at the
completion of the prescribed works, and a subject of the one granting
12. In order that one who
is capable may actually gain indulgences, one must have at least a
general intention to gain them and must in accordance with the tenor
of the grant perform the enjoined works at the time and in the manner prescribed.
13. Unless the tenor of
the grant clearly indicates otherwise, indulgences granted by a
Bishop can be gained by his subjects even outside his territory and
by others within his territory who are exempt or who have or do not
have a domicile elsewhere.
14. A plenary indulgence
can be acquired once only in the course of a day. But one can obtain
the plenary indulgence for the moment of death, even if another
plenary indulgence had already been acquired on the same day.
15. A partial indulgence
can be acquired more than once a day, unless otherwise expressly indicated.
16. The work prescribed
for acquiring a plenary indulgence connected with a church or oratory
consists in a devout visit and the recitation during the visit of one
Our Father and the Creed.
17. To acquire a plenary
indulgence it is necessary to perform the work to which the
indulgence is attached and to fulfill the following three conditions:
sacramental confession, Eucharistic Communion, and prayer for the
intention of the Holy Father as First Among Equals of all Bishops. It
is further required that all attachment to sin, even venial sin, be
absent. If the latter disposition is in any way less than perfect or
if the prescribed three conditions are not fulfilled, the indulgence
will be partial only, except where otherwise indicated. The three
conditions may be fulfilled several days before or after the
performance of the prescribed work.
18. A single sacramental
confession suffices for gaining several plenary indulgences; but the
conditions of Communion and the required prayer must be recited for
the gaining of each plenary indulgence. The condition of the required
prayer in No. 17 is fully satisfied by reciting one Our Father and
one Hail Mary; nevertheless, each one is free to recite any other
prayer according to his piety and devotion.
19. An indulgence cannot
be gained by a work to which one is obliged by law or precept unless
the contrary is expressly stated in the grant; one, however, who
performs a work which has been imposed as a sacramental penance and
which happens to be one enriched with an indulgence can at the same
time both satisfy the penance and gain the indulgence.
20. An indulgence
attached to a prayer can be acquired by reciting the prayer in any
language, provided the fidelity of the translation is vouched for by
a declaration of the Ordinary or Superior of those places, where the
language of the translation is the one commonly spoken.
21. To gain an indulgence
attached to a prayer, it is sufficient to recite the prayer
alternately with a companion or to follow it mentally while it is
being recited by another.
22. Confessors can
commute either the prescribed work or conditions in favor of those
who, because of a legitimate impediment, cannot perform the work or
fulfill the conditions.
23. Local Ordinaries or
Superiors can grant to the faithful over whom they exercise
legitimate authority and who live in places where it is impossible or
at least very difficult to go to confession or Communion permission
to gain a plenary indulgence without confession and Communion,
provided they have true contrition for their sins and have the
intention of receiving these Sacraments as soon as possible.
24. The deaf and dumb can
gain indulgences attached to public prayers if they devoutly raise
their mind and affections to God while others of the faithful are
reciting the prayers in the same place; for private prayers it
suffices if they recite them mentally or with signs, or if they
merely read them with their eyes.
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