for the Wear of the Biretta
Rule: Worn while seated, removed during prayers and while kneeling.
Only worn at liturgy while processing by the officiants or Sacred
Ministers; all others carry their birettas.
Sacred Ministers who are not Bishops wear the biretta during the
procession, while seated and, preferably, while going back and forth
between the sedilia and the altar.
in choir carry their birettas in the procession, wear it while
seated, and take it off while kneeling or standing.
biretta is removed during the mention of the name of Jesus.
biretta is touched, but not removed during the mention of the name of
the Blessed Virgin.
biretta is removed prior to the genuflection by the Ministers upon
arriving at the altar, at which point it is taken by the server.
biretta may be worn while preaching and while going to and from the
pulpit. It is removed for the prayers before and after the semon.
Biretta is worn to the altar and then removed. Unless a reader is
used for the Epistle, or another priest is present to deliver the
sermon, the biretta is not worn again until the after the altar is
reverenced at the end of the mass.
Bishop wears the biretta at Low Mass just as a priest.
of Sacred Vessels and of the Enclosed Blessed Sacrament:
priest wears the biretta while transporting the Sacred Vessels to the
altar. It is removed upon arrival at the altar and given to the
server prior to reverencing the altar. If the priest passes the
exposed Blessed Sacrament or the elevations during mass, he stops and
genuflects, but does not remove the biretta.
Bishop wears the biretta as a priest unless he is vested in a cope,
in which case the mitre would be worn.
Officiant wears the biretta in procession as at mass. All others
carry the biretta.
other rules for the use of the biretta at other liturgy is just as
that for mass.
Optionally, while pronouncing absolution in Confession.
2. By the
Officiant when proceeding to the font for Solemn Baptism.
3. By the
Officiant at the graveside portion of a funeral.
It is removed for the prayers.
It is removed for the blessing of the grave.
biretta may be worn with house dress, particularly at formal or
solemn non-liturgical occasions.
2. It may
be worn with academic dress in lieu of the mortarboard or tam.
3. It may
be worn while entering and exiting the church.
biretta of a Priest or Deacon is black.
biretta of a Bishop is Roman purple.
biretta of a Canon, Dean, or Archdeacon may have an optional Roman
purple trim and tuft for Metropolitan or Diocesan prelates, red for
prelates of the Patriarchal See.
biretta shall have three wings, except for the academic biretta of a
Doctor, which may optionally have four wings.
academic biretta, which may only be worn at academic functions, may
have a tuft and trim in the academic color of the highest degree held.
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