Frequently Asked Questions

Cultural Heritage

Holy Roman Empire

English Language & the H.R.E.

Message from the Patriarch

Historic Timeline

Joining the Patriarchate

Brief History

Apostolic Succession

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Mission, Service, & Charity


Faces and Places

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The Anglo-Italian Imperial Patriarchate - Successors of Pope Leo X
Above: The Basilica of St. Peter, Vatican, viewed from the dome, with the Chair of St. Peter in Rome visible

"Why do we maintain with great determination the traditions of the Imperial Patriarchate of St. Stephen? It is, first, in our blood and our faith. Yet, the majority of the world, for better or worse, is no longer as it once was. In Christian tolerance and charity, we do not actively seek others to change to suit us. Our goal is not to achieve any particular temporal outcome, for ultimately the kingdom we represent on earth is not of this world. Nonetheless, by perpetuating the great and glorious legacy that is our sacred duty to maintain, of a society flawed in humanity, but centred on Christ and His Holy Church, we serve as an example to all people and all governments of the world today, no matter their form. In that way we serve in the best way we possibly can."

+Cardinal Count Don Rutherford I, Anglo-Italian Imperial Patriarch


Follow this link for a Brief History of the Patriarchate

Learn About the Patriarchate and the Legacy of Christian Chivalry of King Peter II of Yugoslavia.


The Religious and Military Patriarchate of St. Stephen (Anglican Rite Roman Catholic Church) is an autonomous and semi-autocephalous Imperial Old Roman Catholic Patriarchate with Anglican patrimony in union with the eternal See of Rome. The Patriarchal See is a successor to the legacy of Pope Leo X in Rome, Florence, and England and to the sovereign Margraviate of Tuscany in the Holy Roman Empire. Pope Leo X, Julius Caesar, Charlemagne, and Bosone d'Arles, King of Lower Burgundy, Vice King of Italy are considered the founders of the modern Anglo-Italian Imperial Patriarchate, dedicated to its celestial patron, St. Stephen. By its joint Apostolic and secular heritage, it represents the traditional Old Roman Catholic Anglican Rite in Italy and its other territories in the historical framework of the Holy Roman Empire and the Roman Empire. The Anglo-Italian Imperial Patriarchate descends from the ancient Roman Catholic See of Utrecht, granted autonomy by the Holy See in 1145. It follows the calling of Saint Stephen the Deacon and Protomartyr with a specific mandate of mission work, service, and charity. The Patriarchal See also constitutes a religious, ethnic, and cultural minority, a distinct ethnic blend of Latino and Teutonic cultures. Its people are those who identify with the Patriarchate through common heritage or purpose.

As a missionary organization that witnesses to the spiritual and secular authority of the historic Roman Church in accordance with our mandate and organizational parameters, the mission of the Patriarchate is non-parochial. Except where special faculties have been granted, it operates independent of the Canonical jurisdictional limits of Sees established by both the Roman Catholic and Anglican Communions. The bishops, priests, and clerics of the ARRCC are traditional clerics who enjoy a flexible role, effectively creating a cadre of reserve clergy who provide sacraments and pastoral service as needed. Otherwise, they carry out the mandate of the Patriarchate of mission, service, and charity, in part typically through work outside of traditional parochial settings. Our clergy put faith in action through science, medicine, academia, the arts, service professions, and more.

The Stephenian Patriarchate is also a Catholic continuation of the Anglican Church brought to Tuscany (Etruria) in the 16th century by the British. Since that time, the British have maintained a lasting relationship with that region of Italy. The Etrurian region of Italy also has a centuries-old heritage with Old Roman Catholicism and a legacy of support for the ancient See of Utrecht. The unique convergence of spiritual and temporal patrimony within the See of St. Stephen includes historical links to Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire; the Latin Empire of Constantinople; conquests of Julius Caesar; and the Houses of Bar, Burgundy, Hapsburg, Lorraine, Medici, Naples, Sicily, and others. Today, the Patriarchate continues the legacy of Christian service.

The Imperial Patriarchate uses both the Anglican Rite and the Roman Rite in liturgy and follows traditional theology and practices of the Roman Church. The spirit of a true religion does not solely reside in man-made temples. Thus, the Anglican Rite Roman Catholic Church has few walls. We carry faith and sacraments to people wherever they are found; within existing facilities and among historic buildings of our Faith. Through its spiritual and temporal lineage, liturgy, and practice, the Patriarchal See serves to preserve the chivalric and noble traditions, both spiritual and temporal, of the Holy Church.

Though the Imperial Patriarchate is unaffiliated with the Anglican Ordinariate, those Protestant Anglicans seeking a parochial program for the furtherance of their spiritual life through conversion to Catholicism are encouraged to consider joining the Anglican Ordinariate directly under the administration of the Holy Father (go to the external US Ordinariate website), which maintains an extensive network of parishes around the world that are Roman Catholic with Anglican Form.

If you are a man of faith and learning, married or single, and are contemplating the ministry through our specific mandate of service, mission, and charity, please visit the Patriarchate's vocations ministry by following this link. Service with this missionary jurisdiction constitutes service only within the See of St. Stephen and does not imply service within or communion with any canonically defined ordinary jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Church or worldwide Anglican Communion. Those whose intention is parochial ministry should consider a vocation with their local Roman Catholic diocese or, for Anglicans, the Anglican Ordinariate.

Follow this link for a Brief History of the Patriarchate

Suggested Reading:
Pope Leo X on the Protestant Error
Pope Pius XII on Holy Orders
Oath Against Modernism
Pope Leo XIII on Nature and Grace
Why Traditional Liturgy is Important
The Master Plan of the Devil - The Development of the Post-Modern Error
Communication with those of false religion
On the Roman heritage of the Anglican Church
On Freedom of Religion and the Sanctity of Life
On Church Unity
On Freedom and Religious Liberty
On Obedience to the Apostolic See
On the Purpose and Authority of the Patriarchal See


What is the difference between the Anglican Ordinariate,
the Continuing Anglican communities, and the Anglo-Italian Imperial
Patriarchate (Anglican Rite Roman Catholic Church)?

Anglican Ordinariate of the Roman Catholic Church:
The Anglican Ordinariate provides a means established by His Holiness Benedict XVI by which
Protestant Anglicans may convert to Catholicism and join the Roman Communion. These are
Catholics who are permitted to use Anglican-style worship within the modern Roman Communion.
It is otherwise known as Roman Catholic - Anglican Form.

Continuing Anglican Communities:
Groups that separated from the Anglican Communion, mostly in the late 1970s and later,
largely over the 1979 Book of Common Prayer and women's ordination,
but remain essentially post-Reformation Protestant communities.
They adopt varying degrees of Catholicism, usually in terms of liturgy, and widely-varying theology.

Anglo-Italian Imperial Patriarchate:
A restoration of the PRE-Reformation English Catholic Church made relevant to the modern era
without any compromise in faith and doctrine. It is both traditional Imperial Roman Catholic and Anglican. By its joint Apostolic and secular heritage, it represents the traditional Old Roman Catholic Anglican Rite in Italy and its other territories in the historical framework of the Holy Roman Empire and the Roman Empire.

Frequently Asked Questions


The Old Holy Roman Church of the English Rite is an autonomous and semi-autocephalous Old Roman Catholic
Patriarchate with Anglican patrimony descended from the Roman Catholic See of Utrecht.
The See of Utrecht was granted autonomy from Rome by the Holy See in 1145 and has remained independent.
Modernly known as the Anglican Rite Roman Catholic Church (ARRCC), the Patriarchate is faithful
to the magisterium of eternal Rome and the eternal One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman Church.
While it embraces the current Roman Communion (commonly referred to as the Roman Catholic Church,
the Anglican Ordinariate, the Anglican Communion, and other Catholic and Anglican bodies as brethren,
they are not administratively bound with the ARRCC.

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